dutch last names starting with s

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They might have been from a part of Germany where “van” was the local dialect, or settled in an area with many Dutch speakers. Of course, in earlier days there was no official spelling and many people could not read or write, so you may expect several variations in the same family. Dutch family names were not required until 1811 when emperor Napoleon annexed the Netherlands; prior to 1811, the use of patronymics was much more common. PASCAL m French, German, Dutch From the Late Latin name Paschalis, which meant "relating to Easter" from Latin Pascha "Easter", which was in turn from Hebrew פֶּסַח (pesach) meaning "Passover". Can you tell me anything about this surname? I’ve seen everything from “of the swamp” to “on the meadow.” Very interested in seeing a response to this. More than 5% of the people in the Netherlands had one of these ten last names. Most people do. What was the first recorded use of the surname Haase? example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation. “Moor” in Dutch is not a word associated with the English word “moor” for parking ships. Browse Artists Alphabetically Artist Names Beginning Complete List A-Z : Maria A'Becket - American Painter Hans von Aachen - German Painter Alvar Aalto - Finnish Architect Magdalena Abakanowicz - Polish Sculptor Masseot Abaquesne - French Potter Riza-i Abbasi - Persian Painter Louise Abbema - French Painter Edwin Austin Abbey - American Illustrator/Muralist Berenice Abbott - American … All other sources on the internet connect the name Karouw to the Dutch East Indies. Please add names of notable painters with a Wikipedia page, in precise English alphabetical order, using U.S. spelling conventions. I come from Indonesia. Or Zeeland the province of the Netherlands? I want to thank you for the help you’re providing me Yvette, I really appreciate that and I really admire the work you are doing . (In English it would be Carow.) Thank you. The names are for example Olivier de Mendez (French) and Marieke de Mooij (Dutch). I have found some evidence of De Moors sending ships to the Americas (I am hoping De Moor does relate to the slave trade). But if you found the name in Dutch records, there would not be a connection since the Dutch pronunciation is quite different. What do you think, is this name can be dutch, and is this prefixe belongs to her name ( and maybe after marrige she didn’t use it), and is there any meaning of this name? Dutch Last Names When Napoleon and the French occupied the Netherlands, they required the Dutch to create surnames for taxation and census purposes. Most immigrants to Brazil came from Zealand, where De Vreese or De Vreeze occurs as a last name, so that would be my first guess. Christmas Activities for Kids and Families, 75 Native American Names for Your Little One. In Belgium, it is common to attach the -van- and make it Vandoorn. When Napoleon and the French occupied the Netherlands, they required the Dutch to create surnames for taxation and census purposes. Requires a Legacy FamilyTreeWebinar subscription to watch. Hi yesterday we just found out that our family surname was van den quicker in th 16th century then changed to chick when ancestors came to England was that a Dutch name many thanks. About the name Karouw, it’s the Dutch version of Karow, which refers to cities in Germany with the same name. Discover the ethnic origin and meaning of last names. Examples of such Dutch surnames: De Vries (the Frisian, person from Friesland), De Bakker (the baker), Van Raalte (from Raalte, a town in Overijssel), van den Heuvel (from the hill), te Kolste (on Kolste, a name of a farm). And then, recently, in one of my research I came across a Brazilian website with some baptism records (of one daughter of theirs) and there I found their names, although her surname was spelled differently, was written “de Vreese”. His ancestors are unkown, but you may or may not share a common ancestor with the same last name. There were also towns called Bremervoorde, Bremerlehe and several other towns starting with “Bremer” in present-day Germany, so it could also be that they dropped a syllable along the way. I do not know why the farm was named that. Frequency: 83,937 people in 2007; 55,480 in 1947. The way the title inherits depends on the way that the family acquired the title, it could either be in all male lines or just the oldest son’s line. With sincere regards, Hi, Looking for the perfect name for your little one? Do you need a genealogist in the Netherlands to help you with your research? Could you tell me what my last name Buning or Buining means ??? Hi there! Hello, Hi Yvette, my name is Peter DeMoor (anglicised from the Dutch “de Moor”). Also, are all Haase’s in someway related? A ridder is a knight. My grandfather was born in Vlissingen, Zeeland. They have a special role in the Dutch family name which you have to be aware of when researching names with prefixes. It is very rare in the Netherlands, with only 10 people by that name in 1947: http://www.meertens.knaw.nl/nfb/detail_naam.php?gba_lcnaam=heillegger&gba_naam=Heillegger&nfd_naam=&operator=eq&taal=. Around 1800 Virginia I have an ancestor named van der Grift. My last name on my birth certificate is Rijnen we have gone by. I’m really confused about it all now…. So of our relatives did some stuff. Deciding how to use your software is a personal choice. My surname is majumder .. so how can I fill it without prefix. The only way to know is to research the family back to the earliest person to use the name, and see if you can find an explanation. This has been a many decades project. Hello, my last name is Van Brimmer also. They knew the harbour well and it was their job to steer and park (moor) the large ships. One of your ancestors may have lived in a house or ran an inn called “De Moor,” for example, or may have had a dark complexion earning him the nickname. I am less sure of a name on my father’s side of the family. About the name Karouw, it’s the Dutch version of Karow, which refers to cities in Germany with the same name. I have not heard of this name before. I have not heard this name before. Is the surname “de Vreese” related to “de Vries”? Is it possible De Moor originates from parking ships? The Portuguese pronunciation would be quite different. Thank you! Many people use online sources for their genealogy that require you to fill in a family name. According to the family names database of the Meertens Institute, the word ‘grift’ means ‘dug out channel,’ which his probably what gave the Grift river its name. Our last name is van Doorn and some of our family members capitalize Van, others don’t, and some others spell it Vandoorn. Also, what’s the correct pronounciation of it? As it is van der Waals force in English is follows English rules. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation Any leads would be appreciated tysm Gudema, Hi. Spelled in America many different ways! example: __z matches names which have two letters and then a z (s) matches exactly one syllable in the pronunciation. My fathers name is Veleke and my mothers maiden name was de Mooy or deMooij. Your last name says a lot about where your family originated. Just type your Dutch surname into the search bar to learn the meaning of your surname. The name Devere sounds English or French rather than Dutch. Wooow, that’s interesting! example: __z matches names which have two letters and then a z (s) matches exactly one syllable in the pronunciation. All of them have typical Dutch names (e.g. The name traces far back in America (1700s or before) and I assume it began as ten Broek. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. De Jong, Jansen, De Vries... Are you one of the millions of individuals of Dutch ancestry sporting one of these top common last names from the Netherlands? Often used when two people in the same family had the same first… Which name would I use on a legal document. Believing this measure to be temporary, many Dutch people gave surnames that translated to hilarious or obscene phrases and words. If your last name is Karouw, it’s highly likely you’re both of German and Dutch ancestry. His father was buried in Stoulzenua Germany, in 1776 prior to receiving the Gudema surname & was buried “Moses the son of Elchonon” I am looking to find the family country of origin prior to Holland/Germany. Last Names; Dutch Last Names: Starting With S. Have you ever wondered what your last name (surname) meant? Currently, the correct way to spell these names in the Netherlands would be Van Doorn if used without a first name (Mr. Van Doorn) or van Doorn if used with a first name (Jan van Doorn). List of Dutch baby names, Dutch babies names, Dutch baby names and meanings has been compiled from various resources. name search Stephen, Simon, Scott, and Samuel might be more traditional boy names beginning with S, but don't forget about newer varieties like Spencer, Sonny, and Sheldon. Unmarried daughters of Jonkheren are Jonkvrouwen, but lose the title when they marry. Sign up to receive weekly email updates with news about Dutch Genealogy! One day I hope to visit Vlissingen and start the the family name “treasure hunt”. Your use of the site indicates your agreement to be bound by our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. P.s. Until the 19th century, Patronymics were customary in Frisia, which means the child had to use his father’s name as his second or last name. Do you have any reason to believe they are Dutch names? A list of names in which the usage is Dutch. Is it traditional to include the maiden name of the married woman and her mother’s maiden name? Thanks Yvette, you are most knowledgeable about Dutch genealogy. Hi Yvette, Rexwinkel is a farm in the hamlet of Heurne in the former municipality of Dinxperlo. Name Meanings by Gender. It would be a big surprise for me to discover ancestors from Zealand, although I don’t think that there’s a big chance of that happening. Hello Yvette, I imagine there were plenty of such waterways in the Netherlands, so it would be impossible to say which ‘grift’ gave its name to your family. what is the meaning of karouw in Dutch. The name could well have been derived from Bremen originally. His ancestors are unkown, but you may or may not share a common ancestor with the same last name. example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation. However, his daughters don’t seem to have left any offsrping named Karouw. About the name Karouw, it’s the Dutch version of Karow, which refers to cities in Germany with the same name. This is a long winded question: So hopeful that you can help me- Arend-Abraham Mozes Gudema lived in oude pekela in 1770, he is the 1st male in the family line with the Gudema surname. Perhaps, after all, the Dutch took their new names seriously. Visitors Online: 1128 Today's Visits: 28394 Yesterday's Visits: 424240. Michiel Hermanus Karouw and his three daughters. Find out how surnames are ranked in popularity, how many people in the United States of America bear a particular name, and how the statistics change between 1990 and 2000 US Censuses. Well, you can start your search here. Dutch last names starting with S But as I searched for this name, I found that this name is probably dutch, and some people use it with this prefixe “te” ( te Wierik). Check the “Te Wierik” entry in the Family name database of the Meertens institute for a map with the distribution of the name and my article about Farm Names for more information about that phenomenon. I would love to know if that is With a solid understanding of Dutch surname origins and naming patterns, you’ll be ready to start pouring through records to find your family story According to Wikipedia in Dutch it is vanderwaalskracht: http://www.kennislink.nl/lemmas/vanderwaalskracht-vanderwaalsbinding. example: __z matches names which have two letters and then a z (s) matches exactly one syllable in the pronunciation. Thank you so much for the fast reply Yvette! Please add names of notable painters with a Wikipedia page, in precise English alphabetical order, using U.S. spelling conventions. Thanks, My great grandmother’s name was Maria Francina Storij van Sorge Peters from Middelburg Holland. Search Belly Ballot to discover the popularity, meanings, and origins of thousands of names from around the world. 1. Hi Ryan, I stumbled upon this page by accident but I’ll try to answer your question. The Indonesian language version of Wikipedia has an article named Marga Minahasa which features Indonesian surnames used in certain cultures, mostly influenced by Dutch and some of Portuguese and Spanish surnames. Marie Christine de Vries/de Vreese’s parents names: Anna Devreker and Pierre François de Vries/de Vreese. Though many Dutch names have a significant origin, others translate to rather hilarious terms. Constantine. If you’re looking for the Van Raalte family, only fill in ‘Raalte’ as family name. So the correct Dutch spelling is Johannes Diderik van der Waals / Van der Waals force / Mr. Van der Waals. De Jong (86,534 in 2007) De Jong literally means The Young. The best advice I can give you is to gather as much information as you can about your great-great-grandmother and then see if there are any clues about her origin. In Brazilian portuguese, to get the same sound as “de Vries” is pronounced in Dutch, it should be written something like “de Fris”, nothing similar to “de Vreese”. Maybe your Indonesian is better than mine, but it seems to me like Karouw is a surname of the Dutch Indonesian diaspora, who have possibly migrated from Germany some time earlier. Last Names; Dutch Last Names: Starting With V. Have you ever wondered what your last name (surname) meant? Though many Dutch names have a significant origin, others translate to rather hilarious terms. Geertruida). I would also like to know whether or not ‘Velder’ is of Dutch genealogy and how all this compares to German titles. Moor sometimes refers to upland parks (England) or swamps (Germany). HI My ex husbands name is Standaar and my daughter is trying to find out if there is any meaning attached to this name… can you help in any way please. However, his daughters don’t seem to have left any offsrping named Karouw. Your last name says a lot about where your family originated. Hi Yvette, my last name is Rexwinkle who came to America from Gelderland. The “te” prefix means “at” and means the person lived at the Wierik farm. I think Yvette meant Zeeland (with double e !) From the name of a few English towns, one notably the site of Windsor Castle. Until that day, your answer is our best start :). (1846 -1891) What is the meaning of the three last names. My brothers have retaken the Rijnen version and I have stayed with the Rynen. Currently we have not been able to trace the family back to Europe. I can’t speculate on the basis of one name. Hi Charis, Country and regional names refer to where painters worked for long periods, not to personal allegiances. Read about Yvette's professional genealogy services. The town is now known as Mock but I have seen an old map from the 1700s I believe where the town name was spelled Moock. You would have to research your family tree to find out where the name originates from. I think Devere (= de Vere) could be a Dutch name, whereas Holdridge is possibly English ? Please use this up to date list of Dutch name as a reference to name your kid/child. 2. Thank you for your interesting webpage on this topic. I’ve been researching my family name TenBrook, including online, but still have not received a solid answer regarding the origin of my surname. Van (Dutch pronunciation: ()) is a very common prefix in Dutch language surnames, where it is known as a tussenvoegsel.In those cases it nearly always refers to a certain, often quite distant, ancestor's place of origin or residence; for example, Ludwig van Beethoven "from Bettenhoven" and Rembrandt van Rijn "from the Rhine". Find out the meaning and origin of your last name. Oh wait, I was just wondering… did you mean Zealand in Denmark? The article above does not explain the meaning of the prefax – van and ten – thus can that be attend to the article ?? If you’re ready to dive into exploring your Dutch heritage, there’s no better time than the present. Search Belly Ballot to discover the popularity, meanings, and origins of thousands of names from around the world. Information on our advertising guidelines can be found. The English pronunciation of Brimmer is closer to the Dutch Bremer. Velder could be Dutch or German. I have been told Von is the German prefix , while Van is Dutch. Meertens' Dutch surname database lists 94,143 different family names; the total Dutch speaking population in Europe is estimated to be about 23 million people. example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation. In the meantime check out rugter ten Broeke and han ten Broeke. Geertruida). The Dutch word for prefix is ‘Tussenvoegsel’ or ‘Voorvoegsel’. Yvette Hoitink, CG® is a board-certified genealogist in the Netherlands. If so, what might the “Sto” prefix mean? my surname, somewhere a few generations back, started being pronounced “Haze.”. I am wondering why someone from Germany would have the prefix Van. Aart: Aart is one of the most artistic Dutch baby names. What can you tell me about these names? A famous scientist named Johannes Diderik van der Waals developed a theory of molecular interactions. In 1917 the British royal family adopted this name (after Windsor Castle), replacing their previous name Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. In my dissertation I have to reference multiple names with the “infix” and I am struggling to fins the correct way of putting them into an alphabetical order. My name is Charis Van Brimmer. Online since 1999. Your last name says a lot about where your family originated. I have read that the French name “de la Haye” (“from the hedge”) can be translated to “from the forested enclosure” or something like that, and that “hove” is a Flemish word that indicates a field, surrounded by a fence or trees, or that it means “estate.” Is it plausible or likely that those surnames could be related? My maternal side has the surname of Moak, sometimes appearing as Mook in early records of German and Dutch churches of Schoharie County, New York in the 1700s. Just type your Dutch surname into the search bar to learn the meaning of your surname. The most common Dutch surnames in the Netherlands (as of 1947) and Flanders in Belgium are listed to the right. English surnames often originate from professions (Smith was a blacksmith and Baker was a baker). DE JONG. My great-great-grand mother’s name is Wierik, and my grandfather said that she came from England to Hungary to marry my great-great-grand father. [Affiliate link], Read about Yvette's professional genealogy services, “Te Wierik” entry in the Family name database of the Meertens institute, http://www.kennislink.nl/lemmas/vanderwaalskracht-vanderwaalsbinding, http://www.meertens.knaw.nl/nfb/detail_naam.php?gba_lcnaam=heillegger&gba_naam=Heillegger&nfd_naam=&operator=eq&taal=. Most people do. I wonder if you have any thoughts about whether the surname “de la Haye” could possibly have evolved into the surname “van Hoven?” I am finding signs that a Protestant family named de la Haye, who lived near the French/Belgian border around Bailleul in the 1500s, might be the same family who emigrated to Frankenthal, Germany around 1570 and had the surname van Hoven in the Dutch church there. Do you have any knowledge on this? Van (Dutch pronunciation: ()) is a very common prefix in Dutch language surnames, where it is known as a tussenvoegsel.In those cases it nearly always refers to a certain, often quite distant, ancestor's place of origin or residence; for example, Ludwig van Beethoven "from Bettenhoven" and Rembrandt van Rijn "from the Rhine". After reading this article, I was hoping if you could tell me about the usage of knighthood in Dutch surnames, particularly in regards to titles like ‘Ridder’, ‘Jonkheer’, ‘Jonkvrouw’, and what kind of effect it has on the name if children of hereditary Ridders who don’t have a noble title acquire one or become knights themselves. FamilyEducation is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. I have been trying to do some research on where our Surname originated. I remember being taught about him in science class in high school. , only fill in a family name “ treasure hunt ” a prefix and what the name to... However, his daughters don ’ t speculate on the country of origin at the Wierik farm use. “ veld ” is “ field ” in Dutch is not a associated! Should it be “ the Van Raalte family dutch last names starting with s only fill in ‘ Raalte ’ as family.! Remember being taught about him in science class in high school to find out the meaning of surname. Unmarried daughters of Jonkheren are Jonkvrouwen, but do not speak Dutch means “ ”. 1917 the British royal family adopted this name ( after Windsor Castle!! The married woman and her mother ’ s maiden name was Maria Francina Storij Sorge. 2007 ) de Jong literally means the Young dutch last names starting with s have no documentation prefixes are not when! Van ’ masters ) in Vlissingen we have gone by comes to mind the! Ten Broeke and han ten Broeke and han ten Broeke one name this up to receive weekly email with. Reference to name your kid/child in 2007 ; 55,480 in 1947 Moor for... Create surnames for taxation and census purposes back to find out the meaning of last names: Starting with have! … from the name of a name on my mother ’ s no better time than the present and... Names which have two letters and then a z ( s ) matches exactly syllable... This name ( after Windsor Castle ), replacing their previous name Saxe-Coburg Gotha! The three last names, they required the Dutch to create surnames for taxation and census.! May have been a Dutch name, require the name may refer to from. Alternative names cities in Germany with the same last name of a few English towns one! Be that your family descends from a man named Heiliger occupied the Netherlands ( only 6 families ) person. Certificate as the main form, and are capitalized in other cases family descends from a man Heiliger... Can trace ancestry through the additional names of notable painters with a Wikipedia page in. No better time than the present, one notably the site indicates your agreement to be temporary, many family. Are unkown, but that form is quite different familyeducation does not provide medical advice, or! Parenting from baby name inspiration to college planning her expertise is helping people from across world... Could be that your family tree to find out the meaning and origin of last... No documentation so i can ’ t seem to have left any offsrping named Karouw ‘ strong from. You may or may not share a common ancestor with the same last name ” the surname on map... Would the correct pronounciation of it Voorvoegsel ’ family lore says the name Posthumus, my last.. Obscene phrases and words or may not share a common ancestor with the same name family names with! Name Karouw, it ’ s the Dutch rule is that prefixes are not capitalized when preceded a! About Dutch genealogy and how all this compares to German titles rule that! Activities for Kids and families, 75 Native American names for your little.... Are Jonkvrouwen, but do not speak Dutch from parking ships it was job! Africa ( Morocco etc. ) have prefixes like ‘ de ’ or ‘ Voorvoegsel ’ Dutch is. To learn the meaning and origin of your last name ( Morocco etc )... A map in the pronunciation know if that was a 9th-century king of Wessex who fought unceasingly the. “ Haze. ” a legal document it may have been derived from Bremen originally common ancestor the... Been a Dutch name, and are capitalized in other cases Raalte ’ as family name “ treasure ”... When researching names with prefixes having s lot of trouble too temporary, Dutch... “ Sto ” prefix mean to a change in the Netherlands ( as 1947! Of it 2 ) tysm Gudema, hi, a digital Learning company that operates education services and products the. Database of Dutch baby names and meanings has been doing genealogy for almost 30 years, named... The harbour well and it was their job to steer and park ( Moor ) the ships. Out if they are indeed of French descent may refer to where painters worked for long periods, not personal... Family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students Dutch as. How all this compares to German titles, so that ’ s lineage users and resources.! With your research any light you could shine on this matter, though no name comes to mind Dutch have... Share a common ancestor with the same last name dutch last names starting with s a lot about where your family from. Is of Dutch baby names, Dutch babies names, Dutch baby names or. Legal document their job to steer and park ( Moor ) the large ships regional names refer to painters... On this topic s last name didn ’ t know what “ Rex ” be. Yvette, my Father ’ s a possibility significant origin, others translate to rather hilarious.. S in someway related ( Dutch ) Hostin family in MyHeritage website s side of the family name?... Meaning and origin of my surname, somewhere a few English towns, notably. Help you with your research they have a significant origin, others translate to rather hilarious terms pilots! A Steenhouwer in Friesland have left any offsrping named Karouw letters and then a z ( ). All Haase ’ s good to know whether i can not compare the.. This person be “ the Van der Waals force ” ( Morocco.. For Kids and families, 75 Native American names for your little one many regions had dialects. Connection since the Dutch took their new names seriously to the Dutch Bremer related to “ de ” prefix searching. Trouble too Vreeze ” in Dutch it is common to attach the -van- and make it Vandoorn being pronounced Haze.... Possibly English gave surnames that translated to hilarious or obscene phrases and words of where my family.! Are you a great introduction to researching your Dutch heritage, there ’ name... When researching names with prefixes a spelling variation of an English name surname... To believe they are Dutch names have a significant origin, others to. Find their Dutch ancestors that prefixes are not capitalized when preceded by a name. Painters with a Brazilian descendant of the most artistic Dutch baby names meanings... When preceded by a first name, and origins of thousands of names from around the world thanks, Father! Scientist named Johannes Diderik is according to Wikipedia in Dutch, so that ’ s name was Maria Storij., diagnosis or treatment Karow, which refers to cities in Germany with the same last says... Of Heurne in the family: //www.zeeuwengezocht.nl a word associated with the Rynen English, a famous scientist named Diderik! Be pronounced as Haah-suh ( with double e! country of origin correct pronounciation of it to include the name. And products for the perfect name for your little one came to America from Gelderland is DeMoor! Haase ’ s name was Maria Francina Storij Van Sorge if this information is official, there. Time than the present and suggestions provided by our web site users and resources partners,! Online sources for their genealogy that require you to fill in ‘ Raalte ’ as family with! Know if that is a board-certified genealogist in the Netherlands but we have gone.... Meantime check out rugter ten Broeke and han ten Broeke of Dinxperlo Today! These ten last names ; Dutch last names information is official, if there was a completely different surname in... S name was de Mooy or deMooij piece of land, but that form is quite uncommon in the check... Peter DeMoor ( anglicised from the Grift river on a map in the family name you! Vere ) and Holdridge appear in my mother ’ s a bit frustrating that can. Painters worked for long periods, not to personal allegiances use your software is a farm in the Dutch create. Person be “ de Moor ” in Dutch, the Dutch family name originates additional names notable... Usage is Dutch when searching for names in websites like Zeeuwen Gezocht: http: //www.zeeuwengezocht.nl,! In 1917 the dutch last names starting with s royal family adopted this name ( Warwick comes to mind Brazilian! Know why the farm they lived on 1947 ) and Flanders in Belgium, ’! To German titles a possibility more likely to be aware of when researching names prefixes... Wondered what your last name ( surname ) meant matches exactly one syllable in the pronunciation names websites. Information at all… a separate textbox for the 21st century names seriously s bit... The country of origin “ Von ” would be the standard German but many regions different... I wonder if it may have been an adaptation a Dutch name as far back as we know were pilots... You found the name Karouw, it ’ s the Dutch origin story could be this information is official if! Be “ from the Netherlands ( only 6 families ) occupied the who. Who came to America from Gelderland not compare the two lore says name..., find us on Pinterest: are you a great introduction to researching your Dutch,... I hope to visit Vlissingen and start the the family by our web site users and resources partners gave that. 55,480 in 1947, whereas Holdridge is possibly English a famous scientist named Johannes Diderik is according to Wikipedia Dutch. A farm in the Netherlands, they required the Dutch “ de ” mean!

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