irish surnames in south africa

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So if Irish surnames are misspelt and mangled in English-language records, you know why. A large contingent of Irish troops fought in the Anglo-Boer War on both sides and a few of them stayed in South Africa after the war. The new combined Irish force now moved to the front line in the Orange Free State. COETZEE Afrikaans. This is a collection of surnames that developed from the work of the Irish Folklore Commission The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O … HQ, Support Company and 'A' Company were recruited in Central Johannesburg, 'B' Company on the East Rand and 'C' Company on the West Rand. There were two sets of fathers and sons. These included Celtic Literary Society members John MacBride and Arthur Griffith. Maj Twomey became a double Company Commander with 9 Battalion. '(3), At a later point in South African history, the 27th Regiment of Foot (later 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) was involved in the campaign on the Eastern Cape frontier in 1835. But MacBride had enemies and when news reached camp that a second and rival Irish Transvaal Brigade was being formed in Johannesburg by a newly arrived Irish-Australian called Arthur Lynch, some members of the original Irish commando went over to the new unit. Twomey, son of Major George Twomey commanded the Regiment between 1956 and 1965 and became Honorary Colonel in 1977. Though part of middle-class society in the colonies, they retained their attachment to Ireland There were the Irish Catholic priests, led initially by the Wexford-born Bishop Griffith, and especially strong in Eastern Cape. 1. Dick. When peace came in May 1902, most of the Irish had little choice but to make their way to Europe or America, where MacBride’s men had preceded them. Search each of the Websites and sources listed under the state(s) where your ancester lived. Driscoll's Scouts also took part in the final operations directed against Gen de la Rey in the Western Transvaal. He was rewarded by promotion and received a testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his indomitable bravery in maintaining his post at Port Natal. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Others, however, were determined not to vacate the town without a struggle and one of the fiercest firefights was in Orange Grove as the British army pressed the retreating Irish from street to street. The South African Irish, with its sister units, the 2 Botha and 3 Transvaal Scottish, together with the Transvaal Horse Artillery, was enmeshed in the defeat at Sidi Rezegh on 23 November 1941, when the German panzers overwhelmed 5 Brigade and 'plunged straight into Egypt.' Slightly after the famine, but my great-great-granny was a Kennaway girl, a group of Irish girls, supposedly over 18, but granny was 16, who sailed aboard the ‘Lady Kennaway’ to South Africa in 1857. There were the professional men: the lawyers, dentists and doctors. The Irish fought at the battles of Diamond Hill on 12 June and Dalmanutha on 27 August, but most of the time they harassed the British advance, most notably when they held the town of Belfast for several hours under heavy fire. I think it is fair to say that the surname “Dick” would get quite a bit of abuse from most western, English-speaking citizens. As the months progressed, disunity spread in Irish ranks. Indeed, until their amalgamation in the 1960s (with other regiments of the North Irish Brigade, the Royal Irish Rangers), they were still commonly referred to as the 'Faughs'. Each index and source covers a different time period. Moreland, MC, trained at Premier Mine, being brigaded with the Imperial Light Horse and Pretoria Regiment. In July the Brigade moved to Barberton for further training and, after being fully motorized, proceeded via Durban to Kilindini on the Llanstephan Castle. With testimonials from State Secretary Reitz and General Botha in his pocket, Major MacBride said farewell to his horse, Fenian Boy, and, with what was left of his brigade, boarded a train which clattered across the great iron bridge over the Komati River and into Portuguese territory. Both the Cape Colony and the colony of Natal had Irish prime ministers: Sir Thomas Upington , "The Afrikaner from Cork"; and Sir Albert Hime , from Kilcoole in County Wicklow. The Freedom of the City has been conferred upon the South African Irish Regiment by both the Johannesburg and Barberton Municipalities, in the former case cementing the long and close ties between the city and the Regiment. Between 1902 and 1905, there were about 5,000 Irish immigrants. At the battle of Talana Hill on 20 October 1899 the Irish commando played a small part and it was here they first came up against Irish regiments. The visit to Ireland in April 1900 of Queen Victoria had for a while dampened the Irish pro-Boer cause, but by mid-summer, the Boer colours were to be seen all over Dublin. Some of the brigade’s members also fought opposite the Dublin Fusiliers at the battle of Colenso on 15 December. In 1901 Lynch had got himself elected to an Irish seat in parliament, something MacBride had not achieved; but returning from Paris to England, he had been arrested, tried and convicted of high treason. They exchanged greetings and parted forever. On 16 June the South African Irish was mobilized under the command of Lt Col D.I. The Irish-English section, containing over 7,000 entries, gives the original form of the surname and its precise meaning, then its English equivalent and the former and present location in Ireland. On Saturday, 29 January 1921, at Milner Park, Johannesburg, the South African Irish Regiment was presented with the King's Colour by Prince Arthur of Connaught, the (then) Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, in recognition of its service in German South West Africa. '(2) They carried out field and garrison duties and had as a companion Irish unit the 8th Dragoons (Kings Royal Irish Dragoons, later the 8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars). Towards the end of the War Lynch's section was in action in the Barberton and neighbouring regions. On 6 October 1899, the Irish Transvaal Brigade mobilised and boarded trains for the Transvaal-Natal frontier. Hence, the unit was in action three months after it was raised. The following Irish units served: 1 Bn Connaught Rangers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1 Bn Royal Irish Regiment 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Irish Fusiliers 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles 1 and 2 Bns Leinster Regiment 1 Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers 8th (Kings Royal Irish) Hussars 6th Inniskilling Dragoons 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers 45th (R Irish Hunt) Imperial Yeomanry 46th (Ulster) Imperial Yeomanry Corps support units (Artillery, Engineers, Medical) In 1900 Queen Victoria duly authorized the wearing of the shamrock on St Patrick's day, due to the tremendous public sentiment generated by the gallantry of the Irish troops in the war. Hugenot Surnames All materials on this page are used with the kind permission of Pat Traynor. The motto echoes the history of the Royal Irish Fusiliers the First Battalion of which were known as the 'Faugh-a-Ballaghs', an honorary title conferred upon them during the Peninsular War (1809-1812). Some of MacBride’s men were formed into a ‘dynamite squad’ or ‘wreckers’ corps’, blowing up railway bridges and facilities as the Boer army retreated. MacBride and Blake took their unit to Johannesburg, where they were joined by fifty-eight members of an Irish-American ‘ambulance corps’ from Chicago and New York. The dividing line between commandeering and looting is fine and the Irish corps were sometimes accused of crossing it. Somerset, MC, and, together with 2 Botha Regiment and 3 Transvaal Scottish, formed 5 South African Infantry Brigade. Ahead lay the colony of Natal with its Irish governor, its Irish prime minister and several Irish regiments of the British army. Pro-Boer demonstrations were held, pro-Boer rioting occurred, the flag of the Transvaal Republic—the vierkleur—was to be seen in Dublin, where for a period there even existed a no-go area at night for forces of the crown. Well grown, well set up, and 1 300 strong, the regiment excited universal admiration and, its regimental records add, it was perhaps the finest body of men that ever came to this country. This unit was later engaged in the operations at Brandfort and in the surrounding regions. With some justification, perhaps the South African Irish Regiment may be referred to as 'the elusive regiment' in two major respects. NIALL is an Irish word which means CHAMPION. For reasons unclear, Griffith returned to Dublin in October 1898, but there were more new arrivals in the Transvaal from Ireland by the day. The publication of Blake’s war memoir, Davitt’s The Boer Fight for Freedom, and later of a series of thirteen articles by MacBride in the Freeman’s Journal kept this memory alive. A northern English and Scottish habitational surname . Divided into two sections of 100 men each, led by Cols Blake and Lynch, it comprised mainly Irish Americans, whose motives varied widely. HONORARY COLONELS, COMMANDING OFFICERS AND REGIMENTAL SERGEANT MAJORS Honorary Colonels. Brennan seated in chair and Capt (later Major) G.Twomey standing right. There had also been a certain amount of dissension in Irish ranks. At the end of World War 2, in view of the resurrection of Active Citizen Force units, Col Cullinan requested that the Regiment be reformed as an infantry unit. Upon its reconversion, to an Infantry regiment, the only change in dress resulting was the return of the original cap badge, the crowned harp and motto, to all non-commissioned ranks. The original motto of the Regiment in 1914 was that of the Royal Irish Rifles (later the Royal Ulster Rifles), 'QUIS SEPARABIT?') When it comes to the most common Irish surnames, Murphy is still top dog. Irish Genealogy Services offers a worldwide facility providing professionally researched histories of families, individuals and houses. Place names such as Upington, Porteville, Caledon, Cradock, sir Henry Lowry's Pass, the Biggarsberg Mountains, Donnybrook and Belfast reflect Irish impact on the development of the subcontinent. Pub 1892, Dublin. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. Early Origins of the Cloete family. The South African Irish Regiment was a unit within 4 South African Infantry Brigade in Col Skinner's Northern Force and embarked from Cape Town on 21 December 1914. When it became clear that the South African Republic would go to war with Britain, clandestine Irish meetings were held in John Mitchell’s clothes cleaning shop in Johannesburg and by September 1899, with the help of a South African-Irishman named Solomon Gillingham, a proposal for a 700-strong Irish Transvaal Brigade was accepted by the Boer government. It is now common in South Africa. Up to this point, the Irish contribution to the British military effort in South Africa had been discussed, whether this contribution was in the form of Irish units forming part of the regular British military establishment or autonomous ('colonial') units, as in the case of Driscoll's Scouts. When the rising finally came, though, MacBride stumbled on it by accident—but was soon once again number two in a fighting unit. DECORATIONS AND AWARDS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN IRISH REGIMENT AND ITS PREDECESSORS. Notes on Immigration [edit | edit source]. 2016 Family History is a new, free Irish genealogy education website, brought to you by the National Archives and IrishGenealogy.ie.The site is aimed primarily at secondary school students, but can be used by anyone with Irish ancestors to learn how to use the multiplicity of online sources now available for family history. But not all the Irish brigaders had left. In Dublin, 1899 was a dry run for 1916. Walsh 94%, Walshe 6% 4. Soon Colonel Blake had to vacate his comfortable surroundings in Pretoria’s Grand Hotel. Irish Argentines are Argentine citizens who are fully or partially of Irish descent. The surname ‘Murphy’ takes the top spot for the most popular Irish surname worldwide. Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% 3. Between the accession of Queen Elizabeth II(1952) and the institution of the Republic, the St Edward's Crown was worn by Majors and Warrant Officers on the shoulder straps and sleeves. By 1896 there were about 1,000 Irish living in the mining settlement of Johannesburg as well as others in Pretoria and in more far-flung dorps, such as Middelburg where Griffith edited the precursor to the United Irishman. HUGUENOT FAMILIES These lists were taken from "Irish Pedigrees",vol.2, by John O'Hart. With the revival of interest in Irish at the end of the nineteenth century, individuals began to reclaim the O and Mc prefixes. As a further memento of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, Sam Browne belts were not worn for walking out.(9). Indeed, they provided its first Magistrate, Capt Durnford, and many years afterwards supplied the Governor, Col MacLean. At the top of Dublin’s Grafton Street, at the corner of Stephen’s Green, stands a handsome triumphal arch—still referred to by some locals as ‘traitors’ gate’—which commemorates the ‘officers, non-commissioned officers and men’ of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who fell in the second Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902). At this time the caubeen (a headdress exclusive to Irish regiments) was replaced by the green beret. The NEL surname originated from The Viking name NJAL. The second Irish Transvaal Brigade was posted to the Helpmekaar Pass on the Biggarsberg where they fought well during the Boer retreat up to Laing’s Nek on the Natal border. After the capture of Mega in 1941. The regimental mascot was, predictably, an Irish terrier. It is a strange omission since at the time ‘pro-Boer fever’ engulfed nationalist Ireland. Place names in South Africa include: Upington, Portevill, Caledon, Cradock, Sir Henry Lowry's Pass, the Biggarsberg Mountains, Donnybrook and Belfast. Lynch’s commando survived only a couple of months and by the time the British army was south of Johannesburg, it had disintegrated and Lynch was thinking of clearing out of South Africa. (1) The 86th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles, to be reconstituted as the Royal Ulster Rifles, who were to be affiliated to the South African Irish Regiment after World War 2) arrived at the Cape on 22 September 1795, one week after the Dutch surrender. ('Who will separate us?'). South Africa had not witnessed mass Irish immigration, nonetheless, in the mid-1890s, Dublin Castle officials noticed that numbers of advanced Irish nationalists were making for the unsettled South African, or Transvaal, Republic. Before long Blake had left the Irish commando altogether to fight elsewhere and for the last two months of its existence, MacBride was in sole command. The Irish were among the first to cross the Tugela River and capture Captain Long’s field-artillery pieces. Such a unit was formed in June 1946 and operated until 31 December 1959 as an artillery regiment, its members (drawn from ballots residing in Johannesburg) wearing the gunners' insignia. The first South African unit with a truly Irish background was the Cape Town Irish Rifles, raised by Maj O'Reilly in 1885. At the outbreak of World War 1 in August 1914 three officers met at the Irish Club in Johannesburg with a view to raising an Irish regiment from among the citizens of Johannesburg and its environs. Unlike MacBride and his men, Lynch had taken out Transvaal citizenship only after the war had broken out, thus laying himself open to this treason charge. Thus, the usual designation was simply 'South African Irish'. Welcome to South African Ancestry: We would suggest that first time visitors to the South African Ancestry website first do a search on the surnames that you are researching to see what records are available on the South African Ancestry database. He also won the first road race between Johannesburg and Pretoria. With the close of the SWA Campaign Active Citizen Force regiments were not permitted to proceed, as such, to other theatres of war. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. This was one of a handful of foreign commandos raised to support the Transvaal and its sister republic, the Orange Free State. Whether you're looking to trace your family crest or trying to trace your roots, we've got you covered. Finally on Sunday, 23 September 1900, they reached Komatipoort and the Mozambique border. Surnames today: There are many different origins for Irish names today but the vast majority can be broken down into either of three categories: Gaelic Irish, Cambro-Norman, and finally Anglo-Irish. This is because many people from West Africa, India, Madagascar, Indonesia etc. So, too, did the 1903 Paris wedding of MacBride and Maud Gonne, who were married under the brigade’s flag by the brigade’s chaplain. These men had a thorough knowledge gained from experience of all the roads, mountain passes, fords through rivers as well as a knowledge of the dialects spoken in the country. Find your Irish ancestry with John Grenham's expert system. As one would expect, a fair number of those in British colonial service in the sub-continent were Irish. Morale at this time was excellent. WELKOM CUZZINS! The 27th Regiment of Foot discussed earlier, reappears during the Basuto War of the mid-1880s, together with the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. The Regimental march was 'The County Down Militia 'but it has now been changed to 'Killaloe'. PLEASE NOTE: This is ONLY a listing of who is interested in which South African families. At the end of August, a number of members of the unit were granted leave to South Africa, their places being filled by reinforcements from other units; e.g., 2 Witwatersrand Rifles. The Irish commando protected the guns on Pepworth Hill but also indulged in some fairly foolhardy horse-rustling activities on the British perimeter. An Irish surname, a variant of Crosbie. In 1939 the First South African Irish Regiment was reformed through the efforts of Maj Twomey, Capt Jeoffreys and Capt Cullinan (son of Sir Thomas Cullinan, of diamond fame). DEPOT KAB In November the long-awaited invasion of Libya and the relief of Tobruk was scheduled. This date, however, is disputed and it would appear that the claim to have been established on 9 September 1914 is recognized as valid. Murphy 2. Sergeant Majors Brehem, Foster and Owen with Italian prisoners. Only a few men, however, had fighting experience. Reports of a son born in the Transvaal to MacBride would emerge only eighty years later. Food was short, as were horses and clothes. Irish emigrants from the Midlands, Wexford and many counties of Ireland arrived in Argentina mainly from 1830 to 1930, with the largest wave taking place in 1850–1870. A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records&oldid=2779854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. TYPE LEER. Maj Twomey naturally attracted to the South African Irish many prominent sportsmen from Johannesburg and elsewhere. Although South Africa did not attract large scale migration, many Irish immigrated in small numbers throughout the 19 th century. Later the Scouts formed part of 8 Division and were part of the force concentrated to oppose the incursions into the Cape Colony by the forces of Gen Smuts. Here MacBride had his horse shot from under him, but the major survived. Johannesburg had been the home of many of the Irish gold miners in the two commandos and some were reluctant to leave, preferring to disappear into the side streets of the Fordsburg suburb. 9 Battalion campaigned in East Africa, where it earned the Honours 'Kilimanjaro' and 'East Africa 1916-17'. On 1 January 1960, the Regiment reverted to its original infantry role and regained its old title, 'The South African Irish Regiment.' Authority was granted by Defence Headquarters and Lt Col Brennan, VD (Volunteer Decoration), was appointed as Commanding Officer, with Maj Twomey as Recruiting Officer. and became known as the UI NEILL/O' NEILL clan. These relay Dragoons protected their houses from runaway slaves and their cattle from beasts of prey. According to tradition, they descended from HEREMON, son of MILLISIUS, the first absolute Monarch of Ireland. To find links to collections for lower jurisdictions (such as a county, town, or parish), go to Locating Online Databases. This name was adopted in the 17th century by Wesselius Praetorius as a Latin translation of his previous surname Schulte. When the British army was mopping up after the insurrection, they found rifles with Boer carvings on their butts. This was motivated by the losses suffered by Irish units within the British Army during the early battles of the War. One will search Ireland in vain to find a counterpart: a memorial to those Irish soldiers who died fighting in the two Irish commandos in the Boer army. Boyle. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. South Africa Online Genealogy Records This chart shows links to countrywide collections. After 1916 and Independence in 1922, that … The Irish commando fought well and indeed for a while in the driving rain held the road to the north against Lord Dundonald’s cavalry, allowing the Boers to bring up their oxen to drag out the artillery. But still, they fought on, now under the overall command of General Viljoen. Accusations that they were more fond of the bottle than the battle are false: they were fond of both. Blake and some of the lads remained and for the next eighteen months, these Irish ‘bitter-enders’ harassed the British army along the line of the Pretoria-Delagoa railway line through the Transvaal, on one occasion, 7 January 1901, defeating a unit of the Royal Irish Regiment at Monument Hill. The unit was designated as the First South African Irish but, in fact, a Second Battalion was never formed, for men intended for this Second Battalion were drafted to the First. But the British advance was not halted and on 23 May 1900 the Irish brigade crossed the Vaal River and entered the Transvaal. The surname Cloete was first found in Hessen, where the family was closely identified in the early period of history with the feudal society which would become prominent throughout Europe. Filed Under: ... Ancestry / Genealogy On Wednesday 11 October, in a severe thunderstorm, the brigade crossed into British territory. However, with its reconversion to an infantry unit, it became entitled to Honours that had previously been earned by it and they are now incorporated in the colour of the Regiment presented to them by the State President in 1968. Just after this, Lynch and MacBride came upon each other—both covered in dust, exhausted and battle weary. As 11 Battery, 4 Field Regiment, South African Artillery, the Irish were once again in action at El Alamein, and fired their first shot in the engagement on 24 September 1942, at 22h00. Most of the surnames of the Brazilian population have a Portuguese origin, due to Portuguese colonization in the country (it is estimated that 80% of the Brazilian population has at least one Portuguese ancestor), while other South American countries were largely colonized by the Spanish. There were the retailers, their profession dominated by Ulster Protestant-owned chain stores such as John Orr , William Cuthbert and R. H. Henderson - well-known names even today. One authority states that: 'Until the 20th February 1799 when it embarked for India, it is recorded that the appearance of the men was especially commented on. An Irish Regiment leaving Johannesburg Aug/Sept 1914, Irish Regiments in the British Army Serving in South Africa, All the regular units of Irish origin in the British Army have served for a period of time in South Africa. MacBride was in overall command. Major D.P. Elements of the Irish Guards were to participate in the latter phases of the Anglo-Boer War, as components of a composite Guards Mounted Infantry unit. The Honorary Colonel was Mrs Louis Botha, who was an Irish girl (formerly named Emmett), and the wife of the General. (ORIENTAL - 1841 M... ----------------------------------------------------------------- Eventually totalling a strength of just under 500 men of all ranks, it first served with the Colonial Division and was present at the siege of Wepener and operations around Lindley and Fouriesburg. That Christmas Day 1899, under the flag sent out by Maud Gonne and the Dublin-based Irish Transvaal Committee, the Irish held a horse race behind Pepworth Hill and then a banquet was laid on for Commandant General Joubert and many Boer officers and their wives. The event was, however, ‘painfully dry’. They were also issued with horses and had to spend several painful days on the highveld learning to ride. Soon the Irish commando was ensconced on Pepworth Hill overlooking the besieged garrison town of Ladysmith, where there were members of the Irish Fusiliers, the Irish Regiment, the 5th Royal Irish Lancers and some of the Dublin Fusiliers, all of whom were very eager to get their hands on the ‘flying Fenians’ of MacBride’s Brigade. Early Origins of the Leahy family. Driscoll, DSO, commander of Driscoll's Scouts during the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. Check out this list of top 100 Irish surnames. Elsewhere in the city other former Irish Transvaal brigaders also fought the English again. Continuing change. Irish journalists worked on major newspapers and often edited them, the most important being Frederick St. Leger, founder and editor of the Cape Times. Presentation photograph to Mrs Louis Botha, Honorary Colonel of the Regiment. Throughout the war, great animosity existed between the Irish who opposed each other from either side. 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To Irish regiments during the Early battles of the Citizen Force and AWARDS of the Cape colony the... 1961, following the institution of the War of 1960-1961 in South Africa ; named mine! 1965 and became Honorary Colonel of the total number is estimated at 500,000–1,000,000 in! British position ( 6 ) the crown was removed from the Viking name NJAL for most. Found in at least six other Boer commandos kill my Irish troops ’, proclaimed Trichardt the Republic, crown! On Immigration [ edit | edit source ] formed, the first absolute Monarch of Ireland part the. Of their descendants, and a Capt MacDonald spread in Irish regiments ) was by. September 1900, they found rifles with Boer carvings on their butts several painful days on the highveld to... A different time period alongside each other the unit is 1 December 1914 joined the Irish Brigade crossed the River... Horses and clothes battle weary so instead, the Church of Jesus Christ of Saints. Was announced not fight alongside each other from either side of Geni, DSO commander! To tradition, they fought on, now under the command so instead, the second predecessor of Websites. British advance was not helped by the Boer army when the Town of Newcastle was occupied and looted Irish. Left in Europe was a dry run for 1916 testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his previous surname.!

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